A Critical Appraisal of Germany's Thermal Retrofit Policy: by Ray Galvin PDF

By Ray Galvin

ISBN-10: 1447153669

ISBN-13: 9781447153665

ISBN-10: 1447153677

ISBN-13: 9781447153672

Germany is visible as a pacesetter in thermal retrofit coverage and perform, yet how potent is its technique? A serious Appraisal of Germany's Thermal Retrofit Policy examines this coverage in context and assesses its effectiveness. It reveals that technical constraints and the prices of retrofitting decrease the speed of development, whereas making plans underestimates the impact of consumer habit within the kind of rebound and prebound results. A key discovering is that discounts may be maximized inside of a coverage that is familiar with the particular habit and motivation of families, the world the place such a lot power rate reductions are already taking place.

The publication indicates a brand new coverage paradigm that will motivate a greater stability of partial and complete retrofits, using family habit adjustments according to a greater figuring out of gasoline saving motivation and gas expense elasticity. during this technique, the thermal development laws will be made extra versatile in order that policymakers would:

- advertise partial, transitional and cost-optimal retrofits, that are extra bound to pay again via gas discount rates in the event that they are acceptable to development typology and home-owner budgets.

- advertise complete retrofits for purposes except financial achieve, focusing as a substitute at the convenience and environmental advantages of energy-efficient homes.

- make investments extra seriously in teaching families to warmth economically, studying from the prebound impression with a view to maximize the application of the houses they at present occupy, and base payback time calculations on genuine consumption.

The effects and findings of this publication will be of curiosity to policymakers, researchers and graduate scholars alike.

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Extra info for A Critical Appraisal of Germany's Thermal Retrofit Policy: Turning Down the Heat

Example text

2 European Directives 31 central government-owned and occupied, for example excluding regional and state-owned properties in Germany. Although this means that only around 30% of Germany’s public buildings need to comply, a number of states and municipalities already have their own programmes for thermally upgrading their buildings. Munich, Freiburg, and the city-state of Hamburg are leading examples. Third, the EED requires each EU member state to draw up a roadmap to make the building sector more energy efficient by 2050, including strategic plans for commercial, public and private households.

Participating companies receive 40% financial support for energy audit costs, 15–20% for energy improvement investments and for expenses in setting up an environmental management system under international standard ISO 14001, and up to 40% for new technology investments. 1 million euros in the agreements. Heikkilä et al. (2005) estimate a return of five euros for each euro of public investment. In the real-estate sector, the target was to reduce heating energy consumption by 10% by 2005 compared to 1990 levels and 15% by 2010 but this proved to be over ambitious.

6 discusses household behavior influences on heating energy consumption, including a case study in Cambridge, United Kingdom. Conclusions are drawn in Sect. 7. 2 European Directives In March 2007, the EU member states agreed on a 20% energy efficiency target by 2020. This aims to improve energy efficiency by 20%, increase the share of energy from renewable sources to 20%, and reduce EU-wide CO2 emissions by 20% compared to 1990 levels. This ‘20-20-20’ target aims to integrate climate and energy policy, enhance energy security, and ensure European competitiveness and an increase in jobs.

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A Critical Appraisal of Germany's Thermal Retrofit Policy: Turning Down the Heat by Ray Galvin

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