By Yitzhak Baer
Original yr of publication: 1961
One of the century's nice classics of Jewish historiography, A background of the Jews in Christian Spain strains the industrial, social, criminal, and political lifetime of the Spanish Jewish neighborhood from the eleventh-century re-conquest of Iberia from Muslim rule to the expulsion of 1492. the second one quantity of Professor Baer's huge paintings tells the tragic tale of the dissolution of the nice Spanish Jewish neighborhood. An strange function of the quantity are the numerous and occasionally wide quotations from medieval Jewish writings by no means sooner than rendered into English. they supply a chance to get pleasure from the paintings of the mystics and rationalists, the poets and spiritual disputants of the era.
About the Author
Professor Yitzhak (Fritz) Baer spent a long time gaining knowledge of within the Spanish documents. He released millions of files concerning the main points of Jewish existence within the Iberian Peninsula and at the courting of the Jews to their Christian rulers and acquaintances. Later, after settling in what's now Israel as Professor of background on the Hebrew college, he wrote his precis of the interval, that is now made on hand in translation from the Hebrew.
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Extra info for A History of the Jews in Christian Spain, Volume II: from the Fourteenth Century to the Expulsion
The Shepherds abandoned their plan of capturing the Jewish fortress in Tudela, and the remnants of the mob were dispersed by the troops. In taking a stand against the Shepherds, James II acted in harmony with the views of Pope John XXII and the government of France; 22 but the king of Aragon was alone in his energetic measures to stop the Shepherds and save the Jews of his kingdom from further suffering. The same pope who urged the protection of the Jews against the Shepherds, in that same year (1320), authorized the inquisitor of Toulouse, Bernard Gui, to place the Talmud on trial once again (the first such occasion was in Paris in 1240: vol.
Hasdai Crescas, whom we will discuss at length elsewhere, was the unchallenged leader of the forces that strove, amid an ugly atmosphere of mutual bickering and suspicion, to maintain a semblance of national and religious discipline 40 REORGANIZATION TION AND SOCIAL CONFLICT WITHIN THE ALJAMAS REORGANIZA within the narrow walls of the ghetto. About this time (in 1377), constant negotiations were being held in regard to the right of the aljamas to try criminal offenses; in fact, although the order was shortly withdrawn, a royal edict did for a time curtail the juridical powers of the Jewish communities.
21 A History of the Jews in Christian Spain “The Thirty,” on the model of the Concejo de Ciento, or Council of One Hundred, of the Christian municipality. The Thirty were to appoint all the communal officials—trustees (neëmanim), judges, accountants and charity wardens. They were to decide how the taxes should be collected; they were to draft takkanoth, and appoint special committees to deal with specific problems. Decisions were to be adopted by a majority of sixteen votes. The trustees were to call meetings of The Thirty at the synagogue or elsewhere, and to fine latecomers and absentees.
A History of the Jews in Christian Spain, Volume II: from the Fourteenth Century to the Expulsion by Yitzhak Baer