By Peter Auer and David Douglas (Eds.)
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Additional resources for Advances in Energy Systems and Technology. Volume 4
The importance of some of these has been reduced or eliminated while some previously insignificant ones have become im portant. At higher C0 2 concentrations and under new climatic condi tions, weeds may become stronger competitors with crops, and new pests and diseases could offer new challenges. E. Impacts on the Oceans Increased C0 2 , with its associated climate change, will have notable effects on the world's oceans. The speed with which C0 2 is distributed in the ocean is important not only for the understanding of the carbon cycle, but for the assessment of the effects on the ocean itself.
And Houghton, R. A. (1977). Biotic influences on the world carbon budget. In W. Stumm, op. , pp. 61-72. Woodwell, G. , Whittaker, R. , Reiners, W. , Likens, G. C , Delwiche, C. C , and Botkin, D. B. (1978). Biota and the world carbon budget. Science 199(4325), 141-146. World Meteorological Organization (1981). " Joint meet ing of WMO/ICSU/UNEP, Villach, Austria, November, 1980. World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. , and Sparhawk, W. N. (1923). " McGraw-Hill, New York. ADVANCES IN ENERGY SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGY, VOL.
Recall from the last section that a and b were easily found when h and j were assumed small enough to be neglected. A. Lean Burning Engines (φ < 1) In this case there is more than enough oxygen to burn the fuel and thus very little CO and free H 2 , so we will ignore these concentrations by putting a = 1 and b = y/2 in our expression for g. Therefore in this case g = (1 + y/4)(l - φ)/φ, φ <1 So in the case of lean combustion the number of moles of free oxygen (g) in the combustion products is easily estimated once φ is known.
Advances in Energy Systems and Technology. Volume 4 by Peter Auer and David Douglas (Eds.)