By Matthew Jones
By means of emphasising the function of nuclear matters, After Hiroshima presents a brand new background of yank coverage in Asia among the losing of the atomic bombs on Japan and the escalation of the Vietnam warfare. Drawing on a variety of documentary facts, Matthew Jones charts the improvement of yank nuclear procedure and the overseas coverage difficulties it raised, because the usa either faced China and tried to win the friendship of an Asia rising from colonial domination. In underlining American perceptions that Asian peoples observed the potential repeat use of nuclear guns as a manifestation of Western attitudes of 'white superiority', he deals new insights into the hyperlinks among racial sensitivities and the behavior folks coverage, and a clean interpretation of the transition in American process from tremendous retaliation to versatile reaction within the period spanned through the Korean and Vietnam Wars.
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Extra info for After Hiroshima: The United States, Race, and Nuclear Weapons in Asia, 1945-1965
The Tokyo Judgement: The International Military Tribunal for the Far East, 29 April 1946–12 November 1948, Vol. II (Amsterdam, 1977), 982; see also Dower, War without Mercy, 37–8. 57 Sir Robert Bruce Lockhart, the head of the Foreign Ofﬁce’s Political Intelligence Department, was even more explicit: The fact that the atomic bomb was used for the ﬁrst time against an Asiatic race so soon after the conclusion of the war in Europe may raise the notion in Asiatic minds that the British and Americans, as Europeans, may well have hesitated to use so devastating a weapon against fellow Europeans while not being averse to employing it against Asiatics when it seemed possible to achieve a quick decision thereby.
Wavell: The Viceroy’s Journal (London, 1973), 162. In the shadow of Hiroshima 29 Hiroshima, ‘Well, perhaps after all, nothing mattered. With the arrival of the atomic bomb civilization was ﬁnished. It was merely a question of years or even months . . ’89 Some underscored the implications for Western moral standing of the use of such a scientiﬁc breakthrough against a civilian population. 91 The use of the bomb as a point of moral friction and debate in the Western relationship with a newly assertive Asia was to become a distinctive feature of the post-war years.
45 An anti-colonial Asiawide revolt, it was recognized, could be exploited by the Soviet Union to its own ends, as local Communist parties in the Far East built support around anti-Western sentiment. ’46 Pointing to nationalist unrest in Indonesia, Indochina, Korea and India, one column in the New York Times noted in early 1946 that ‘Japan lost the war, but her slogan “Asia for the Asiatics” appears to have won. 49 In this kind of overall context, where one of the key effects of the war as a whole was to raise the international proﬁle and transnational signiﬁcance of issues surrounding race, as well as drawing attention to the structures that underpinned Western dominance, it is therefore not surprising that some Asian commentators saw a racial factor at work in the use of the 45 46 47 48 49 Grew to Winant, 17 May 1945, Foreign Relations of the United States (hereafter FRUS), 1945, VI: The British Commonwealth, The Far East (Washington, DC, 1969), 251.
After Hiroshima: The United States, Race, and Nuclear Weapons in Asia, 1945-1965 by Matthew Jones