By Alexander of Aphrodisias, William E. Dooley, Arthur Madigan
In Metaphysics 4 Aristotle discusses the character of metaphysics, the fundamental legislation of common sense, the falsity of subjectivism and the different sorts of ambiguity. the total, transparent observation of Alexander of Aphrodisias in this vital publication is the following translated into English by means of Arthur Madigan. Alexander is going via Aristotle's textual content virtually line by means of line, getting to the logical series of the arguments, noting areas the place Aristotle's phrases will undergo a couple of interpretation and staining variation readings. He time and again cross-refers to the De Interpretatione, Analytics, Physics and different works of Aristotle, hence putting Metaphysics 4 within the content material of Aristotle's philosophy as a complete
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Extra resources for Alexander of Aphrodisias : on Aristotle metaphysics 2 & 3
G. 42 For it is necessary not only that these things should have the same nature as one another, but also that the cause of their being such should also have the same nature as they; for a thing will 20 itself be43 in the greatest degree what [other things are] when it is the first thing of this sort. , the cause of the fact that hot things are hot will be hot in the greatest degree if it is itself the first hot thing; it is in this way that fire is the cause of heat in things that are hot. For Aristotle makes this point clear by saying, that in virtue of which [the same quality belongs to the other things too]', since something can cause other things to be the kind of thing they are without itself being of that kind - rubbing, for instance, is the cause of heat in things, but is not the cause of their heat in the sense 25 excellent of the sciences, but the knowledge of the principles ...
But Alexander wishes to exclude a sequence of purely random events which are first, intermediate and last only by chronological succession. 71 151,2. Alexander says only, 'the difference among causes', but his meaning is not that 'first' and 'last' describe different kinds of causes, but the different relationship found among the members of a series, the first of which is cause and the others effects. 72 151,3-4. The alt. rec. illustrates this point by the example of Sophroniscus and Socrates. Considered simply as men, they do not differ at all, although in point of time one of them is older, the other younger.
For a discussion of Aristotle's argument see P. Brown, 'Infinite causal regression", Philosophical Review 75, 1966, 510-25. Sc). See A. Kenny, The Five Ways: St. Thomas Aquinas'proofs of God's existence, New York 1969, 34-45. Aristotle argues first that a series of causes cannot be infinite in the upward direction because, since there would then be no cause that is truly first, all causes in the series would also be effects, 'so that if there is no first, there is no cause at all' (994a3-19). Alexander's commentary on this argument extends from 150,30 to 152,32.
Alexander of Aphrodisias : on Aristotle metaphysics 2 & 3 by Alexander of Aphrodisias, William E. Dooley, Arthur Madigan