By Robert B. Ewen
This seventh Edition helps scholars get to the bottom of the mysteries of human habit via its hugely readable creation to the guidelines of the main major character theorists.
Engaging biographical sketches commence each one bankruptcy, and specific pill summaries support scholars overview key concepts. Theories come alive during the inclusion of quotations from the theorists’ writings and various purposes resembling dream interpretation, psychopathology, and psychotherapy.
Significant adjustments within the seventh version contain a longer dialogue of the sensible purposes of character idea, with an emphasis on directions which may aid humans bring up their self-knowledge, make larger judgements, and stay extra pleasurable lives.
Fictionalized yet true-to-life examples illustrating the perils of insufficient self-knowledge contain students, mom and dad, terrorists, company executives, and politicians, whereas different examples express the optimistic results that could consequence from a greater figuring out of one’s unconscious.
This seventh version additionally encompasses a extra vast dialogue of the way a scarcity of self-understanding prompted problems for such famous theorists as Freud and Erikson, and a brand new part that explains how habit will be strongly encouraged by means of the location in addition to via one’s personality.
Finally, a brand new interactive website offers perform try questions and different issues of interest.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Theories of Personality: 7th Edition
The Superego According to psychoanalytic theory, infants have no sense of right and wrong. ) At first this function is carried out by the parents, on whom the helpless child must depend for many years. They reward certain behaviors, a gratifying reassurance of their presence and affection. But they also punish other actions, a threatening sign that the child has lost their love and is now at the mercy of an awesome and dangerous environment. Partly to protect itself from such disasters, and partly because it identifies with the all-powerful parents, the ego begins to internalize (introject) their standards.
Jones, 1953/1963a, p. 158). Although Freud was somewhat shocked by these radical notions and dismissed them from his mind, they later emerged from his preconscious to form the cornerstone of this theory—one that attributes virtually all human behavior to the erotic instinct. 11 12 Sigmund Freud OBJECTIVES • To devise the first theory of personality and the first psychotherapy, which he needed to treat his patients (and himself). • To explore the unconscious, a vast hidden realm within every personality, so he could better understand his patients (and himself).
But they also punish other actions, a threatening sign that the child has lost their love and is now at the mercy of an awesome and dangerous environment. Partly to protect itself from such disasters, and partly because it identifies with the all-powerful parents, the ego begins to internalize (introject) their standards. This leads to the formation of the superego (das Überich; literally, the “over I”), a special part of the ego that observes and sits in judgment above the rest. The superego is partly conscious and partly unconscious.
An Introduction to Theories of Personality: 7th Edition by Robert B. Ewen