By John B. Wolf
Traditionally, terrorist bands working in rural or city components use vio lence to forged themselves as a sound political strength. Necklacing, plac ing an oil-soaked tire round the neck of an informer after which igniting it, and knee-capping, positioning a handgun in the back of the kneecap of a "tout" (a police informer) after which squeezing the set off, are one of the enforcement tools utilized by clandestine teams to manage "revo lutionary justice." Necklacing is utilized by the African nationwide Con gress (A.N.C.). Knee-capping is a standard Irish Republican military (I. R. A.) tactic. Governments usually lend credibility to the terrorists' declare of legitimacy via now not imposing measures meant to extirpate them. usually, democratic societies worry that inflexible keep an eye on measures pose a danger to civil liberties. Reluctant to maneuver, a democracy is usually ham strung by way of terrorists bent on manipulating its values. A media crusade, meant to mobilize public opinion opposed to the terrorists and garner mass aid for the govt. and its keep watch over measures, is the linchpin of any antiterrorist crusade. Centralized intelligence-gathering is one other crucial part. Terrorism, while it turns into a standard crusade of bombings and different atrocities, is not any longer an issue for simply the police and the military. the total society is affected. for instance, all teams comprising the multi ethnic popu- vii viii PREFACE tion of Sri Lanka and South Africa are almost immediately uncovered to the phobia ist threat.
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Extra info for Antiterrorist Initiatives
2. David B. Tinnin and Dag Christensen, The Hit Team (Boston: Little, Brown, 1976), pp. 2240. 3. Phil Gailey, "Photos Show Cairo Security Breakdown Experts Say," The Neil' York Times, October 13, 1981, p. 1. 4. S. Plea Not to Storm Kidnappers' Hideout," The New York Times, February 15,1979, p. 1. 5. ), Februarv 21,1980. p. 1. 6. "Link to Shooting of Pope Called Absurd by Soviet," The New York Times, August 19, 1982, p. 7. 7. S. Nccl's & World Report, January 11,1982, pp. 27-30. 8. : Doubleday, 1981), pp.
2o Sam C. Sarkesian and William L. Scully edited a book entitled U. S. Policy and Low-Intensity Conflict. "21 Covert Soviet ties to an international network of terror are an outgrowth of this theory. The Kremlin has identified and netted willing proxies that have helped it achieve the goals it specifies for low-intensity clandestine operations. These surrogates include Cuba, East Germany, Vietnam, North Korea, and some countries in Eastern Europe. The American development of special-force units to project power and/or to interfere in the internal affairs of other countries, using terrorists as surrogates, is practically nil.
1. had been conducting surveillance of the Libyan Mission to the United Nations in New York City. After analysis of the electronic surveillance reports, evidence emerged indicating that the former head of the Libyan Mission in New York had provided money for American black activists who supported Libya'S leader, Colonel Muammar al-Qaddafi. The telephone wiretaps showed that the libyans were encouraging support among black activist groups in the United States in order to defeat President Reagan's reelection campaign, officials said.
Antiterrorist Initiatives by John B. Wolf