By Henri J. Dumont, Tamara A. Shiganova, Ulrich Niermann
The Mediterranean, Black, and Caspian Seas, the rivers and canals that attach them, and the large quantity of transport within the area, signify a conduit for aquatic invasion, whose effects are just now starting to be understood. This booklet offers an up to date review of jelly invasions within the Ponto-Caspian that have affected neighborhood ecosystems because the early Nineteen Eighties, contrasting that with different organic invasions, looking for underlying principles.
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Additional resources for Aquatic Invasions in the Black, Caspian, and Mediterranean Seas
1999. Distribution and abundance of ctenophores and their zooplankton food in the Black Sea. 11. Mnemiopsis leidyi. Marine Biology 135: 603-613. , F. Bingel, A. C. Gücü, V. V. Melnikov, U. Niermann, N. A. Ostr. & V. E. Zaika, 1994. Distribution of the new invader Mnemiopsis sp. and the resident Aurelia aurita and Pleurobrachia pileus populations in the Black Sea in the years 1991-1993. ICES Journal of Marine Sciences 51: 407-421. Napp, J. M. & G. L. , 2001. Anomalous conditions in the SE Bering Sea, 1997: linkages among climate, weather, ocean, and biology.
In August 1998 (prior to Beroe), sprat in the northeastern region of the sea fed exclusively on C. 37%). In August 1999, the diet was extended by other copepods and by Sagitta setosa, the share of C. 6%. In August 2000, the diet kept widening with Copepoda (C. ), Cladocera, shrimp and ﬁsh larvae. 91%) than in August 1999. Whiting predominantly fed on sprat in 1998. Copepoda, Amhipoda, Decapoda, Polychaeta, and Isopoda composed a small fraction in its diet.
Interactions of pelagic cnidarians and ctenophores with ﬁsh: a review. Hydrobiologia 451: 27-44. Purcell J. E, F. P. Cresswell, D. G. Cargo & V. S. Kennedy, 1991. Differential ingestion and digestion of bivalve larvae by the Scyphozoan Chrysaora quinquecirrha and the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi. Biological Bulletin 180: 103-111. Purcell, J. , D. A. Nemazie, S. Dorsey, J. C. Gamble & E. D. Houde, 1993. In situ predation rates on bay anchovy eggs and larvae by scyphomedusae and ctenophores in Chesapeake Bay, USA, ICES CM 1993/ L:42, 22 pp.
Aquatic Invasions in the Black, Caspian, and Mediterranean Seas by Henri J. Dumont, Tamara A. Shiganova, Ulrich Niermann